PREREQUISITE: Science, Grade 9, Academic or Applied
GRADE: 10 (Academic)
AVAILABILITY: Full-time, Part-time, Private and Online
Grade 10 Science enables students to enhance their understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and of the interrelationships between science, technology, society, and the environment. Students are also given opportunities to further develop their scientific investigation skills. In Grade 10 Science, students will plan and conduct investigations and develop their understanding of scientific theories related to the connections between cells and systems in animals and plants; chemical reactions, with a particular focus on acid-base reactions; forces that affect climate and climate change; and the interaction of light and matter.
Essential Question: How do plants and animals work, starting at a cellular level? How can we compare/contrast hierarchical organization in each?
- In this unit, students will learn about the nested organization of matter and life and describe how each item accumulates into higher complexity. Students will learn how to identify the boundary between living and non-living and about the seven characteristics of life. Students will also investigate cell cycles, mitosis and the structure of animal and plant tissues and body systems.
Essential Question: How do atoms and molecules interact with one another and within systems? Can you predict chemical reactions and their products?
- In this unit, students will learn about lab safety when conducting chemical experiments. Students will also learn about the periodic tables and the unique properties of the different kinds of elements. Students will also be able to name chemical compounds and explain their types of bonding. Students will investigate chemical reactions like acid-base neutralization reactions.
Essential Question: How does light act and move when considering different types of mirrors and lenses? How can we relate this to the eye and other optical phenomena?
- In this unit, students will learn about the natural and artificial sources of light and describe how it travels. Students will learn to explain how colours are perceived using the properties of reflection and absorption. Students will learn about plane, concave and convex mirrors. Students will learn about refraction and different light speeds and about converging and diverging lenses. This unit will also take a closer look at the human eye, it’s structure and how images are formed by it. Students will gain an understanding of the limits of human perception, how optical illusions can trick the eye and the brain and the different types of mirages.
Essential Question: What is weather and how does it affect the planet and the systems within it? Consider human interactions as well.
- In this unit, students will learn about weather and climate and the biomes found in Canada. Students will learn to define conduction, convection, and radiation, and link these to Earth’s climate systems. this unit will also explain what thermohaline circulation is, why it is important, and what would happen if it were to change or stop. Students will take a closer look at the atmospheric layers and their composition and learn how the greenhouse effect works. Students will also analyze various pieces of evidence that suggest our climate is undergoing a change. This unit will also go over energy transfer as well as negative and positive feedback loops and their influence on climate. Students will learn about Earth’s spheres and the importance of nutrients for maintaining health. Finally, students will learn about the different initiatives being taken to combat climate change.
Proctored Exam30% of Final Grade
- This exam is the final evaluation of this course. Students need to arrange their final exam 10 days in advance. All coursework should be completed and submitted before writing the final exam, please be advised that once the exam is written, any outstanding coursework will be given a grade of zero. The exam will be two hours.